START Conference Manager    

A New Set of Norms for Semantic Relatedness Measures

Sean Szumlanski, Fernando Gomez and Valerie Sims

The 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics - Short Papers (ACL Short Papers 2013)
Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9, 2013


We have elicited human quantitative judgments of semantic relatedness for 122 pairs of nouns and compiled them into a new set of relatedness norms that we call Rel-122. Judgments from individual subjects in our study exhibit high average correlation to the resulting relatedness means (r = 0.77, SD = 0.09, N = 73), although not as high as Resnik's \shortcite{Resnik95} upper bound for expected average human correlation to similarity means (r = 0.90). This suggests that human perceptions of relatedness are less strictly constrained than perceptions of similarity and establishes a clearer expectation for what constitutes human-like performance by a computational measure of semantic relatedness.

We compare the results of several WordNet-based similarity and relatedness measures to our Rel-122 norms and demonstrate the limitations of WordNet for discovering general indications of semantic relatedness. We also offer a critique of the field's reliance upon similarity norms to evaluate relatedness measures.

START Conference Manager (V2.61.0 - Rev. 2792M)