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Learning Semantic Textual Similarity with Structural Representations

Aliaksei Severyn, Alessandro Moschitti and Massimo Nicosia

The 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics - Short Papers (ACL Short Papers 2013)
Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9, 2013


Measuring semantic textual similarity (STS) is at the cornerstone of many NLP applications. Different from the majority of approaches, where a large number of pairwise similarity features are used to represent a text pair, our model features the following: (i) it directly encodes input texts into relational syntactic structures; (ii) relies on tree kernels to handle feature engineering automatically; (iii) combines both structural and feature vector representations in a single scoring model, i.e., in Support Vector Regression (SVR); and (iv) delivers significant improvement over the best STS systems.

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